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Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville

Earl Granville, after only a brief career in politics, already became Vice-President of the Board of Trade in 1848. He succeeded Palmerston very briefly, for only two months, as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Only in 1870 did Granville become Foreign Secretary again, a position he would now hold until 1874, and again from 1880 until 1885. As Secretary, he was present at the London Straits Conference (1871) and the London Danube Conference (1883). His foreign policy of patience, peace and no alliances kept the United Kingdom out of the European Wars and brought the country better relations with the United States.

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